GPA handles nearly 6 million TEUs in 2022


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According to the latest study by the Selig Center for Economic Growth at UGA’s Terry College of Business, Georgia ports now account for 11 percent of total state employment. The number of Georgia jobs that rely on port activity has grown by 13 percent since the previous study. (Hunter McRae / Georgia Ports Authority)


SAVANNAH, Ga., Sept. 6, 2022 – Port activity in Georgia now supports 561,000 full- and part-time jobs across the Peach State, according to an economic impact study by the University of Georgia’s Terry College of Business. That number is up from 496,700 jobs during Fiscal Year 2019, the period covered by the last study.

“Our deepwater ports in Savannah and Brunswick are powerfully fulfilling their commission to drive economic development across the state of Georgia,” said Gov. Brian Kemp. “Beyond our marine terminals, the Georgia Ports Authority supports global commerce in farming, forestry, manufacturing and retail, benefiting every one of our counties. GPA’s global logistics network is a big reason Georgia is ranked the best state to grow or expand a business.”

According to the latest study, Georgia ports now account for 11 percent of total state employment, or one out of 9 jobs, based on FY2021 numbers.

“The superb performance of Georgia’s ports relative to other ports reflects strong comparative advantages that allowed them to expand their shares of regional and national waterborne cargo traffic,” said Jeff Humphreys, director of the Selig Center for Economic Growth, who conducted the study. “These comparative advantages are the result of a series of strategic expansions over many years.”

Humphreys said other statewide impacts include:

  • $140 billion in sales (12 percent of Georgia’s total sales);
  • $59 billion in state GDP (9 percent of Georgia’s total GDP);
  • $33 billion in income (6 percent of Georgia’s total personal income);

“These economic impacts demonstrate that continued emphasis on imports and exports through Georgia’s deepwater ports translates into jobs, higher incomes, greater production of goods and services, and revenue collections for government,” Humphreys reported. “Port operations help to preserve Georgia’s manufacturing base, and foster growth of the state’s massive logistics, distribution and warehousing cluster.”

Internal GPA data show the top three export commodity groups for the study period were food, forest products and automotive cargo. The top imports were retail goods, furniture and machinery.

“At GPA, our constant focus on improving service and infrastructure means businesses that choose Georgia are assured of our ability to grow along with them,” said GPA Executive Director Griff Lynch. “Our central purpose is to empower entrepreneurs and strengthen industries by providing the most efficient connections to global commerce.”

Trade through Georgia’s ports also helps to support government services, yielding $7.4 billion in federal taxes, $2 billion in state taxes, and $1.8 billion in local taxes annually.

“Our thriving ports are vital links in the national supply chain, serving tens of thousands of businesses headquartered across the state and nation,” said GPA Board Chairman Joel Wooten. “For Georgia, in particular, they serve as powerful recruitment tools attracting industrial development and good-paying jobs for Georgians.”

The UGA study, “The Economic Impact of Georgia’s Deepwater Ports on Georgia’s Economy in FY 2021” is the latest in a series of similar studies conducted by the Selig Center for Economic Growth. The comprehensive technical report may be viewed here.

Georgia’s deep-water

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SAVANNAH, Ga., Jan. 17, 2023 – The Georgia Ports Authority handled a record 5.9 million twenty-foot equivalent container units in Calendar Year 2022, an increase of 5 percent over 2021.

“It was a challenging year, but collaborative effort across Georgia’s supply chain ensured cargo movement remained fluid,” said GPA Executive Director Griff Lynch. “I want to thank our Board for approving new infrastructure that allowed us to handle more cargo. Our gratitude also goes out to GPA employees and our partners at Gateway International, the International Longshoremen’s Association, trucking and rail. Their long hours and dedication were key to our success.”

The Port of Savannah achieved four of its top five months for container volume in CY2022, with trade volumes peaking in August at an all-time high of 575,500 TEUs.

“We’re excited about the possibilities ahead, with major infrastructure projects delivering greater capacity and efficiency for our customers,” said GPA Board Chairman Joel Wooten. “At Georgia Ports, we’re bringing to market faster vessel service, quicker turn times for trucks and more room to grow business.”

With the renovation of Berth 1 at Garden City Terminal to handle 16,000+ TEU vessels, the 90-acre Garden City Terminal West expansion and the transition of Ocean Terminal to an all-container facility, the Port of Savannah is set to increase annual capacity from 6 million to 7.5 million TEUs in 2023, and to 9 million by 2025. Learn more about GPA’s growth plans here.

In addition to record container cargo in 2022, GPA achieved a 16 percent increase in breakbulk tonnage to nearly 3.3 million tons last year, an improvement of 443,000 tons compared to 2021. In Roll-on/Roll-off cargo, Colonel’s Island Terminal in Brunswick handled 651,101 units of autos and heavy machinery. Ocean Terminal in Savannah moved another 19,630 Ro/Ro units, for a total of 670,731, an increase of 0.4 percent.

Total tonnage crossing all GPA docks reached 42.4 million tons last year, an increase of about 2 percent or nearly 760,000 tons.

Georgia’s deepwater ports and inland barge terminals support more than 561,000 jobs throughout the state annually, and contribute $33 billion in income, $140 billion in revenue and $3.8 billion in state and local taxes to Georgia’s economy. For more information, visit, or contact GPA Chief Communications Officer Loretta Lepore at (912) 964-3855 or

ports and inland barge terminals support more than 561,087 jobs throughout the state annually and contribute $33 billion in income, $140 billion in revenue and $3.8 billion in state and local taxes to Georgia’s economy.

For more information, visit, or contact GPA Chief Communications Officer Loretta Lepore at (912) 964-3855 or